Category Archives: Literature review

Analysis of the Effects

Analysis of the Effects of LEONARDO DA VINCI Mobility Measures on Young Trainees

Employees and the Influence of Socio-economic Factors

1) Method of Investigation

The method that was used for the survey was “Self-evaluation through completion of questionnaires”. The survey was conducted electronically (i.e. by e-mail). 28 countries were included in the survey. E-mails were sent out in January and February 2007 to all participants whose e-mail addresses were available, advising them about the survey in their own language and asking them to reply to the questionnaires (also translated into their own language) on-line. The response rate to the survey was highly satisfactory overall, with approximately 36% of correspondents completing the questionnaire.  (more…)

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Attitudes towards

Attitudes towards vocational education and training

Special Eurobarometer 369, Wave 75.4

1) Method of Investigation

In the course of this survey:

  • 26,840 European citizens aged 15 and above were interviewed about VET by the TNS Opinion & Social network between the 4th and the 19th June 2011 in all 27 European Union Member States

  • The sample was comprised from residents in each of the Member States and is a multi-stage, random (probability) one. In each country, a number of sampling points was drawn with probability proportional to population size (for a total coverage of the country) and to population density.

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Employers’ perception

Employers’ perception of graduate employability

1) Method of Investigation

  • The survey covered all 27 EU Member States, as well as Norway, Iceland, Croatia and Turkey.

  • Companies included in this study had recruited higher education graduates in the past five years and/or were planning to recruit such graduates in the next five years.

  • The targeted number of interviews varied depending on the size of the respective country.

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Findings of the ECVET

Findings of the ECVET

reflector study

1) Method of Investigation

The study is based on detailed 30 expert reports and 156 individual in depth interviews with national experts. It covered the EU 27, the EFTA-countries, Croatia, Turkey, and Switzerland ECVET CONNEXION and ECVET reflector have been conducted in close cooperation. The ECVET reflector results are presented in this brochure.

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Geographical and labour market

Geographical and labour market

Mobility report

1) Method of Investigation

Between the 13th of November and the 9th of December 2009, TNS Opinion & Social, a consortium created between TNS plc and TNS opinion, carried out wave 72.5 of the EUROBAROMETER, on request of the EUROPEAN COMMISSION, Directorate-General for Communication, “Research and Speechwriting”. The SPECIAL EUROBAROMETER N°337 is part of wave 72.5 and covers the population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States, resident in each of the Member States and aged 15 years and over. The basic sample design applied in all states is a multi-stage, random (probability) one. In each country, a number of sampling points was drawn with probability proportional to population (more…)

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Key Competencies

Key competencies for Lifelong Learning

European Reference Framework

1) Method of Investigation

This document does not deal with a specific survey and its parameters (Method of investigation, Objectives, Findings, and Conclusions-Recommendations). It is a framework which is comprised by a list of definitions of key competences (and the essential knowledge, skills and attitudes related to them) that are related to Lifelong Learning Program. The Framework identifies and defines, for the first time at the European level, the key competences that citizens require for their personal fulfillment, social inclusion, active citizenship and employability in our knowledge-based society. The Member States’ initial education and training systems should support the development of these competences for all young people, and their adult education and training provision should give real opportunities to all adults to learn and maintain these skills and competences.

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Overcoming Obstacles

Overcoming Obstacles to Mobility for Apprentices and Other Young People in Vocational Education and Training

April 2007

1) Method of Investigation

The methodology of the study was developed during the initial stage and further developed throughout the study, with guidance from the Steering Committee. Although the explorative nature of the study does not translate itself into ‘fixed’ stages, the general outline of the study can be described in seven stages with a number of activities in each stage:

Establishment of a conceptual model for the study;

  • Identification of obstacles (desk research, surveys, interviews);

  • Prioritization of obstacles (stakeholder interviews, desk research, expert panel);

  • Formulation of recommendations (expert panels, network consultations);

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Study on a possible

Study on a possible framework to facilitate transnational mobility for placements at enterprises

DG Education and Culture, 21 April 2011

1) Method of Investigation

The methodological approach of the study consisted of a combination of desk research and a wide stakeholder consultation at national and EU level. It covered all EU Member States and the EFTA/ EEA countries Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Turkey, and Croatia and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia which participate under the preparatory measures phase.

The tasks comprising the study were:

  • Task 0: Inception phase
  • Task 1: Desk research
  • Task 2: Interviews

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Youth on the move

Youth on the move

Flash Eurobarometer No 319b, Analytical report, May 2011

1) Method of Investigation

  • The survey obtained phone interviews with nationally representative samples of young people (aged between 15 and 35) living in the 27 EU Member States, as well as in Croatia, Iceland, Norway and Turkey.

  • The target sample size in most countries was 1,000 interviews.

  • In Cyprus, Luxembourg, Malta and Iceland the sample size was 800 respondents.

  • In total, 30,312 interviews were conducted by Gallup’s network of fieldwork organizations between 26 and 30 January 2011.

  • Statistical results were weighted to correct for known demographic discrepancies.

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